Psychologists study human behavior in their undergraduate and postgraduate degrees however, many have postgraduate qualifications or doctoral level qualifications
in clinical psychology.
Clinical psychologists have specialist training in psychological assessment and therapy with diagnosed psychiatric and/or mental disorders.
Psychologists generally assist people with a range of everyday problems such as stress and relationship difficulties.
They also provide counseling and therapy for people with diagnosed mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders or depression.
They help people to develop the skills needed to cope and function better, and to prevent ongoing problems.
Clinical psychologists and psychologists cannot prescribe medication. Their treatments are based on changing behavior and emotional responses without medication.
There is a considerable amount of evidence showing psychological treatments are effective on their own, as well as in combination with certain types of medication.
Psychiatrists have a medical degree, which involved six years of studying general medicine, followed by further study to specialize in the diagnosis and treatment
of mental illness and emotional problems. Psychiatrists treat the effects of emotional
disturbances on the body and the effects of physical conditions on the mind. Psychiatrists can prescribe medication. Some combine medication with other forms of therapy.